Prostate - Knowing About
I was not aware of the term Prostate until I read my father’s medical report. For an engineering graduate student, it’s hard to know the common medical terms. But being a daughter I could not resist myself to be ignorant about what actually it is. And being brought-up in India, it is still struggling for kids like me, to talk about or say the words like reproduction, sex etc. in front of my father. But we are at that mature stage of life, where if, we will not raise these then there would be lack of awareness among people. Nearly 200,000 men are diagnosed with the disease every year, and most of them are over the age of 50 So few days back I completed my whole research on what prostate is? It’s obviously, related to men but many of them are not aware about it, it’s causes, The factors, The deep meaning, its effects on the males etc.
What is prostate? What it does? It is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system It rests below your bladder and in front of your rectum. It surrounds part of the urethra, the tube in your penis that carries pee from your bladder. The prostate helps make some of the fluid in semen, which carries sperm from your testicles when you ejaculate. This Gland Can Grow As you age, your prostate can become larger. It’s a normal part of aging for most men. Because it surrounds part of the urethra, the enlarged prostate can squeeze that tube. This causes problems when you try to pee. Typically, you won’t see these problems until you’re 50 or older, but they can start earlier. You might hear a doctor or nurse call this condition benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH for short. It is not cancerous. BPH is common and cannot be prevented. Age and a family history of BPH are two things that increase the chances you might get it. A few stats on that:
• Some 8 out of every 10 men eventually develop an enlarged prostate.
• About 90% of men over the age of 85 will have BPH.
• About 30% of men will find their symptoms bothersome. Symptoms If you have trouble starting to urinate or have to go a lot, especially at night, these could be signals that you have an enlarged prostate. Treatment There are several treatment options available in the early stages of prostate cancer. These options include:
•Surgery: A prostatectomy—surgery that removes parts of the prostate—is typically a choice in younger, healthy men who want to get rid of the problem while the side effects from surgery are less likely to be risky. There are different types of surgery (open prostatectomy, laparoscopic surgery, perineal prostatectomy) that require incisions on different parts of the body and have varying risk factors, which can also affect someone’s decision. A study found that men who did decide to undergo surgery to remove the part of the affected prostate within a year of being diagnosed didn’t have higher rate of relapsing the longer they waited to decide to undergo this treatment process. So while surgery is an effective treatment, it’s also okay to sit on the decision and make sure that it’s the right treatment for you.
• Observation: Sometimes the best treatment is no treatment at all, but rather consistent check-ups and tests to make sure it isn’t progressing faster than usual. The risks of waiting and monitoring can outweigh the risks of other treatments, making observation the best treatment option for the time being. This option makes sense for many men. If an 80-year-old man is diagnosed with a beginning-stage prostate, and it’s not expected to affect the man’s life over the next couple years, why rush treatment? The same can be said for a man in his 50s, who doesn’t feel the need to address the problem until it starts spreading and affecting his health. How To Find Out If You Have Prostate Ah, the dreaded, stigmatized prostate exam: a necessity (or at least suggested necessity) for every man over 50. As we’ve learned, a symptom of prostate is an enlarged prostate, so the main way doctors test for it is by feeling the prostate. Formally called a “digital rectal exam,” doctors place a lubricated finger, covered with a glove, up your rectum and feel for the prostate, which is right next to the rectum. The doctor feels for any abnormalities, like if it’s larger than it should be, feels different than it should, or the shape of it is different. But a DRE is not the be-all, end-all of prostate tests. There are plenty of tests doctors run to confirm a diagnosis. These tests include:
•Blood test (PSA Test): One of the other primary tests to see if you have prostate is called a prostate-specific antigen test, or a PSA test.. Anything below 4.0 is still considered in the healthy range, though the closer the levels are to 4.0, the closer it should be watched. It’s also healthy to have extremely low PSA levels. While levels over 4.0, it’s a strong indicator of prostate growth and swelling, which is a leading sign of cancer. A PSA test is usually done in the same session as a DRE.
•Urinalysis: Your urine may be tested for certain infections. If an infection or disease is found after the first test, doctors may take a couple more samples to confirm the infection is in the prostate and not the urethra or bladder.
•Ultrasound: If a doctor notices any abnormalities with a DRE and your PSA levels, they may conduct an ultrasound in order to get a better view of the condition of your prostate. This form of testing—formally called a Transrectal ultrasonography—helps doctors get closer to the prostate than their finger can during a DRE and can take images that allows doctors to examine the change in your prostate over time.
•Sampling prostate tissue (biopsy): A pretty direct way in testing if you have prostate or not is directly testing prostate tissue. A small needle takes a sample of tissue from the prostate and then is tested. This is typically done in conjunction with an ultrasound, which may confirm growth or swelling. It’s suggested you get tested once a year, like at an annual checkup, starting in your 50s. Prostate Cancer Prevention As we’ve seen with high diagnosis rates in men in their 60s and 70s, prostate cancer is almost inevitable if you live long enough. This doesn’t mean we shouldn’t take all the steps we can to try and prevent the cancer cells from triggering and metastasizing. Here are some steps you can take that may help push back a diagnosis:
•Healthy Diet: Eating certain foods like vegetables, fruits, and fish (which is high in omega-3 fatty acids, which are good fats) is recommended because it takes away from eating fatty foods, like pork, fried food, and cheese, which play a role in weight gain. People with higher body mass indexes (above 30) have been shown to have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer.
•Exercise: Related to healthy food helping maintain weight, exercising can be beneficial in terms of maintaining a healthy BMI. An increase in exercise, paired with a healthier diet, can help you drop weight quickly and get to proper BMI levels.
•Reduce stress: Stress has been shown to aid the progression of active cancer cells in your prostate. It also negatively affects your immune system, which is constantly fighting cancer cells when they’re present.